Relubrication is the key to recycling ball bearings
3 Apr 2019
Chris Johnson of SMB Bearings explains the sudden surge in popularity of reusing and recycling ball bearings through relubrication.
Bearing relubrication – involving the cleaning out bearing grease and replacement with new lubrication – has never been in such high demand. And, while manufacturers have long needed to fill new bearings with non-standard lubricants, the recent prevalence of re-lubrication for older bearings is particularly striking.
Returning resources for reuse, rather than the traditional ‘take-make-dispose’ approach, is gaining traction across all industries. Bearing relubrication can revitalise bearings (provided wear is very slight), enabling users to extend lifespan and reduce costs.
With the right relubrication equipment, bearings can be restored for many more years. But, why would they require a change in oil or grease?
It may be that the bearings have been stored for many years and the grease has exceeded its shelf life. This can happen when some of the oil leeches out, making the grease less effective. Usually, the bearings are in otherwise excellent condition so relubrication restores them to an 'as new' state. Alternatively, they might be re-serviced for an entirely different use.
Change of use
Take this example: a bearing that once had relatively low levels of rotation in a slow-moving application, is set to be reused in an application that exposes the bearing to extreme temperatures.
Suddenly, the old lubrication doesn’t meet the brief. In this instance, the bearing should be completely cleaned out and filled with grease that is rated to the required temperature. Previously-used bearings should only be relubricated after carefully checking for damage or wear and even then used only for non-critical applications.
Savings are not just attributed to not buying brand new bearings, but also the reduced problems associated with incorrectly-lubricated bearings
However, many bearing manufacturers simply aren’t interested in relubricating small volumes of bearings. Or, if they agree to the job, there are painfully long lead times. Ultimately, many bearing manufacturers prefer to focus on large order volumes.
This can be problematic for customers requiring small volumes of bearings, particularly for use in niche applications.
However, SMB Bearings’ relubrication service uses a range of bearing degreasing methods, such as ultrasonic degreasing, to clean bearing surfaces thoroughly. This process uses ultrasound, usually from 20 to 40 kHz, to agitate the fluid.
Reserviced bearings are then returned to the customer with any choice of oil, grease, dry lubricant or even no lubricant at all. This process can also accurately control the amount of grease used for relubrication. For example, bearings may be filled with high-precision instrument grease and the amount can be varied to within a few milligrams, using highly sensitive weighing equipment.
Maintaining such accuracy is not easy, particularly for shielded bearings. The right bearing re-lubrication provider should have the necessary equipment to carry out this kind of servicing without removing any shields or seals.
There’s no doubt relubrication provides a great deal of flexibility in terms of bearing re-use. With many different industries set to benefit from the cost-saving relubrication process, the savings are not just attributed to not buying brand new bearings, but also the reduced problems associated with incorrectly-lubricated bearings.
As the masters of ultra-roundness, bearings certainly have their place in the circular economy. It makes sense that the demand for bearing relubrication is unwaveringly high at present – it can only benefit the environment and profit margins.